Introducing "Energy Union Choices"

The mission of the Energy Union Choices is to provide practical, independent and objective analysis on the infrastructure choices required for and compatible with a European low carbon economy. It is an innovative way of engaging and testing critical choices around infrastructure deployment, energy security trade-offs, system flexibility and the value of integration.

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Our Publications



Safeguarding Energy Security in South-East Europe with Investment in Demand-Side Infrastructure

International developments over the past few years have intensified the energy challenges facing Central and Southern European countries. The interruption of Russian gas supply via Ukraine, volatile global oil prices and divergent interests of State actors have renewed Europe’s concerns about its energy dependency.

The report explores the vulnerability of the building sector to gas supply interruptions in specific countries of the region, through the prism of the Building stock Vulnerability Indicator (BVI). The BVI takes into account the size of gas consumption in the building sector, along with the dependence on imported gas and its routes diversity.

The analysis considers an alternative approach to gas supply investments and instead proposes an “efficiency first” solution: reducing gas demand through a dedicated building renovation programme. BPIE puts forward a set of recommendations covering risk assessment and preventive measures, guidance on investment opportunities as well as on developing future EU and MS level strategies.

By: BPIE Date: 07.09.2016



More Security, less money: A smarter approach to gas infrastructure in Europe

The paper draws out the public interest and policy implications from the report and concludes that a new approach to gas infrastructure is needed to avoid stranded capacity and ensure taxpayer and consumer money is well spent.

By: E3G Date: 19.07.2016


Technical Reports

A Perspective on Infrastructure and Energy Security In the Transition

Based on extensive technical analysis conducted by the Artelys, ElementEnergy and Climact, the study looks at which infrastructure investments are lowest risk and regret to ensure resilience throughout the transition, and whether an integrated view on infrastructure (gas, power, buildings) help meet security of supply challenges at a lower cost. It finds that, overall, the existing gas infrastructure in Europe is resilient to a wide range of demand projections and supply disruptions. In places where gas security of supply concerns do occur, the report finds that an integrated, regional approach that looks at gas, electricity and buildings together, can help meet these challenges at significantly lower costs.

By: Energy Union Choices Date: 19.07.2016

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